COPING WITH DEATH AND DYING
The Grieving Process
We all fear death at one time or another and believe that we will live forever. But death will enter our lives. Therefore, we need to learn how to live with death, dying and grief.
Why the Fear of Death?
There are several reasons why we may be afraid of dying:
The premature interruption of life activities.
Effects of death upon family members and friends.
The fear of death without dignity, for example, being kept alive by machine.
The fear of nothingness after death.
Impact of Loss: The Grieving Process
When a loved one is dying or dies, there is a grieving process. Recovery is a slow and emotionally painful one. The grieving process can be less painful if you try to understand that loss and grief are a natural part of life. Learn to accept your loss and believe in yourself. Believe that you can cope with tragic happenings. Let your experience be a psychological growth process that will help you to deal with future stressful events.
The grieving process usually consists of the following stages. Note that not everyone goes through all these stages.
Denial and Shock
At first, it may be difficult for you to accept your own dying or the death of a loved one. As a result you will deny the reality of death. However, this denial will gradually diminish as you begin to express and share your feelings about death and dying with other family members or friends.
During this stage the most common question asked is “Why me?”. You are angry at what you perceive to be the unfairness of death and you may project and displace your anger unto others. When given some social support and respect, you will eventually become less angry and be able to move into the next stage of grieving.
Many students try to bargain with some sort of diety. They often try to bargain and offer to give up an enjoyable part of their lives in exchange for the return of health or the lost person.
You may find yourself feeling guilty for things you did or didn’t do prior to the loss. Forgive yourself. Accept your humanness.
You may at first experience a sense of great loss. Mood fluctuations and feelings of isolation and withdrawal may follow. It takes time for you to gradually return to your old self and become socially involved in what’s going on around you. Please note that encouragement and reassurance to the bereaved will not be helpful in this stage.
As you go through changes in your social life because of the loss, you may feel lonely and afraid. The more you are able to reach out to others and make new friends, the more this feeling lessens.
Acceptance does not mean happiness. Instead you accept and deal with the reality of the situation.
Eventually you will reach a point where remembering will be less painful and you can begin to look ahead to the future and more good times.
Ways to Cope with Death and Dying
Discuss feelings such as loneliness, anger, and sadness openly and honestly with friends and family members.
If your religious convictions are important to you, talk to a member of the clergy about your beliefs and feelings.
Join a support group.
Take good care of yourself. Eat well-balanced meals. Get plenty of rest.
Be patient with yourself. It takes time to heal. Some days will be better than others.
Ways to Help a Bereaved Person
Be supportive but do not attempt to give encouragement and reassurance when a person is in the depressed stage of grieving. It will not be helpful.
Talk openly and honestly about the situation unless the person does not want to.
Use an appropriate, caring conversational tone of voice.
Show that you care. Listen attentively and show interest in what the grieving person has to say about his/her feelings and beliefs. Share your feelings and talk about any similar experience you may have had. Avoid using the phrase “I know just how you feel.”
If symptoms of depression are very severe or persistent and the grieving person is not coping with day to day activities encourage that student to get professional help.